Problem 11: Largest product in a grid

*Difficulty: Easy

Problem:

In the 20×20 grid below, four numbers along a diagonal line have been marked in red.

08 02 22 97 38 15 00 40 00 75 04 05 07 78 52 12 50 77 91 08
49 49 99 40 17 81 18 57 60 87 17 40 98 43 69 48 04 56 62 00
81 49 31 73 55 79 14 29 93 71 40 67 53 88 30 03 49 13 36 65
52 70 95 23 04 60 11 42 69 24 68 56 01 32 56 71 37 02 36 91
22 31 16 71 51 67 63 89 41 92 36 54 22 40 40 28 66 33 13 80
24 47 32 60 99 03 45 02 44 75 33 53 78 36 84 20 35 17 12 50
32 98 81 28 64 23 67 10 26 38 40 67 59 54 70 66 18 38 64 70
67 26 20 68 02 62 12 20 95 63 94 39 63 08 40 91 66 49 94 21
24 55 58 05 66 73 99 26 97 17 78 78 96 83 14 88 34 89 63 72
21 36 23 09 75 00 76 44 20 45 35 14 00 61 33 97 34 31 33 95
78 17 53 28 22 75 31 67 15 94 03 80 04 62 16 14 09 53 56 92
16 39 05 42 96 35 31 47 55 58 88 24 00 17 54 24 36 29 85 57
86 56 00 48 35 71 89 07 05 44 44 37 44 60 21 58 51 54 17 58
19 80 81 68 05 94 47 69 28 73 92 13 86 52 17 77 04 89 55 40
04 52 08 83 97 35 99 16 07 97 57 32 16 26 26 79 33 27 98 66
88 36 68 87 57 62 20 72 03 46 33 67 46 55 12 32 63 93 53 69
04 42 16 73 38 25 39 11 24 94 72 18 08 46 29 32 40 62 76 36
20 69 36 41 72 30 23 88 34 62 99 69 82 67 59 85 74 04 36 16
20 73 35 29 78 31 90 01 74 31 49 71 48 86 81 16 23 57 05 54
01 70 54 71 83 51 54 69 16 92 33 48 61 43 52 01 89 19 67 48

The product of these numbers is 26 × 63 × 78 × 14 = 1788696.

What is the greatest product of four adjacent numbers in the same direction (up, down, left, right, or diagonally) in the 20×20 grid?

How to solve:

We calculate max product in horizontal, vertical and diagonal direction, respectively. Then check out which one is max.

Solution took 1ms

Implementation: Java

public class Prob11 {

privatestaticfinalint[][] grid = {

{ 8,  2, 22, 97, 38, 15,  0, 40,  0, 75,  4,  5,  7, 78, 52, 12, 50, 77, 91,  8},

{49, 49, 99, 40, 17, 81, 18, 57, 60, 87, 17, 40, 98, 43, 69, 48, 04, 56, 62,  0},

{81, 49, 31, 73, 55, 79, 14, 29, 93, 71, 40, 67, 53, 88, 30,  3, 49, 13, 36, 65},

{52, 70, 95, 23,  4, 60, 11, 42, 69, 24, 68, 56, 01, 32, 56, 71, 37,  2, 36, 91},

{22, 31, 16, 71, 51, 67, 63, 89, 41, 92, 36, 54, 22, 40, 40, 28, 66, 33, 13, 80},

{24, 47, 32, 60, 99,  3, 45,  2, 44, 75, 33, 53, 78, 36, 84, 20, 35, 17, 12, 50},

{32, 98, 81, 28, 64, 23, 67, 10, 26, 38, 40, 67, 59, 54, 70, 66, 18, 38, 64, 70},

{67, 26, 20, 68,  2, 62, 12, 20, 95, 63, 94, 39, 63,  8, 40, 91, 66, 49, 94, 21},

{24, 55, 58,  5, 66, 73, 99, 26, 97, 17, 78, 78, 96, 83, 14, 88, 34, 89, 63, 72},

{21, 36, 23,  9, 75,  0, 76, 44, 20, 45, 35, 14,  0, 61, 33, 97, 34, 31, 33, 95},

{78, 17, 53, 28, 22, 75, 31, 67, 15, 94,  3, 80,  4, 62, 16, 14,  9, 53, 56, 92},

{16, 39,  5, 42, 96, 35, 31, 47, 55, 58, 88, 24,  0, 17, 54, 24, 36, 29, 85, 57},

{86, 56,  0, 48, 35, 71, 89,  7,  5, 44, 44, 37, 44, 60, 21, 58, 51, 54, 17, 58},

{19, 80, 81, 68,  5, 94, 47, 69, 28, 73, 92, 13, 86, 52, 17, 77,  4, 89, 55, 40},

{ 4, 52,  8, 83, 97, 35, 99, 16, 07, 97, 57, 32, 16, 26, 26, 79, 33, 27, 98, 66},

{88, 36, 68, 87, 57, 62, 20, 72,  3, 46, 33, 67, 46, 55, 12, 32, 63, 93, 53, 69},

{ 4, 42, 16, 73, 38, 25, 39, 11, 24, 94, 72, 18,  8, 46, 29, 32, 40, 62, 76, 36},

{20, 69, 36, 41, 72, 30, 23, 88, 34, 62, 99, 69, 82, 67, 59, 85, 74,  4, 36, 16},

{20, 73, 35, 29, 78, 31, 90,  1, 74, 31, 49, 71, 48, 86, 81, 16, 23, 57,  5, 54},

{ 1, 70, 54, 71, 83, 51, 54, 69, 16, 92, 33, 48, 61, 43, 52,  1, 89, 19, 67, 48}

};

public static voidmain(String[] args) {

long cur = System.currentTimeMillis();

int max = Integer.MIN_VALUE;

int maxDiagonal = diagonalProduct();

int maxHorizontal = horizontalProduct();

int maxVertical = verticalProduct();

max= maxDiagonal;

max= Integer.max(max, maxHorizontal);

max= Integer.max(max, maxVertical);

System.out.println(max);

System.out.println(“Took “ + (System.currentTimeMillis()cur) + ” ms”);

}

private static int horizontalProduct() {

int max = Integer.MIN_VALUE;

for(int i = 0; i < grid.length; ++i) {

for(int j = 0; j < grid[i].length3; ++j) {

int product = grid[i][j]*grid[i][j+1]*grid[i][j+2]*grid[i][j+3];

if(product > max)

max= product;

}

}

return max;

}

private static int verticalProduct() {

int max = Integer.MIN_VALUE;

for(int i = 0; i < grid.length3; ++i) {

for(int j = 0; j < grid[i].length; ++j) {

int product = grid[i][j]*grid[i+1][j]*grid[i+2][j]*grid[i+3][j];

if(product > max)

max= product;

}

}

return max;

}

private static int diagonalProduct() {

int max = Integer.MIN_VALUE;

for(int i = 0; i < grid.length3; ++i) {

for(int j = 0; j < grid[i].length3; ++j) {

int product = grid[i][j]*grid[i+1][j+1]*grid[i+2][j+2]*grid[i+3][j+3];

if(product > max)

max= product;

}

}

for(int i = 0; i < grid.length3; ++i) {

for(int j = 3; j < grid[i].length; ++j ) {

int product = grid[i][j]*grid[i+1][j1]*grid[i+2][j2]*grid[i+3][j3];

if(product > max)

max= product;

}

}

return max;

}

}

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