## Problem: Service Lane

Calvin was driving his favorite vehicle on the 101 freeway. He noticed the check engine light was on and wants to service it immediately to avoid any risks. Luckily, a service lane runs parallel to the highway. The length of the highway and service lane is N units. The service lane constitutes of N segments of unit length, where each segment can have different widths. Calvin can enter into and exit from any segment. Let’s call the entry segment as index i and the exit segment as index j. Assume that the exit segment lies after the enter segment(j>i) and i ≥ 0.

Calvin has three types of vehicles – bike, car and truck, represented by 12 and 3respectively, also implying the width of the vehicle. We are given an array width[] of length N, where width[k] represents the width of kth segment of our service lane. It is guaranteed that while servicing he can pass through at most 1000 segments, including entry and exit segments.

• If width[k] is 1, only the bike can pass through kth segment.
• If width[k] is 2, the bike and car can pass through kth segment.
• If width[k] is 3, any of the bike, car or truck can pass through kth segment.

Given the entry and exit point of the Calvin’s vehicle in service lane, output the type of largest vehicle which can pass through the service lane (including the entry & exit segment)

Input Format
The first line of input contains two integers – N & T, where N is the length of the freeway and T is the number of test cases. The next line has N space separated integers which represents the width array.

T test cases follow. Each test case containts two integers – i & j, where i is the index of segment through which Calvin enters the service lane and j is the index of the lane segment where he exits.

Output Format
For each test case, print the vehicle type of the largest vehicle which can pass through.

Constraints
1 <= N <= 100000
1 <= T <= 1000
0 <= i < j < N
2 <= j-i+1 <= min(N,1000)
1 <= width[k] <= 3, where 0 <= k < N

Sample Input #00

``````8 5
2 3 1 2 3 2 3 3
0 2
0 1
6 7
3 5
0 7
``````

Sample Output #00

``````1
2
3
2
1
``````

Explanation for Sample Case #0
Below is the representation of lane.

``````   |HIGHWAY|Lane|    ->    Width

0: |       |--|            2
1: |       |---|           3
2: |       |-|             1
3: |       |--|            2
4: |       |---|           3
5: |       |--|            2
6: |       |---|           3
7: |       |---|           3

``````

Calvin has three types of vehicles – bike, car and truck, represented by 12 and 3respectively, also implying the width of the vehicle. We are given an array width[] of length N, where width[k] represents the width of kth segment of our service lane. It is guaranteed that while servicing he can pass through at most 1000 segments, including entry and exit segments.

• If width[k] is 1, only the bike can pass through kth segment.
• If width[k] is 2, the bike and car can pass through kth segment.
• If width[k] is 3, any of the bike, car or truck can pass through kth segment.

Given the entry and exit point of the Calvin’s vehicle in service lane, output the type of largest vehicle which can pass through the service lane (including the entry & exit segment)

Input Format
The first line of input contains two integers – N & T, where N is the length of the freeway and T is the number of test cases. The next line has N space separated integers which represents the width array.

T test cases follow. Each test case containts two integers – i & j, where i is the index of segment through which Calvin enters the service lane and j is the index of the lane segment where he exits.

Output Format
For each test case, print the vehicle type of the largest vehicle which can pass through.

Constraints
1 <= N <= 100000
1 <= T <= 1000
0 <= i < j < N
2 <= j-i+1 <= min(N,1000)
1 <= width[k] <= 3, where 0 <= k < N

Sample Input #00

``````8 5
2 3 1 2 3 2 3 3
0 2
0 1
6 7
3 5
0 7
``````

Sample Output #00

``````1
2
3
2
1
``````

Explanation for Sample Case #0
Below is the representation of lane.

``````   |HIGHWAY|Lane|    ->    Width

0: |       |--|            2
1: |       |---|           3
2: |       |-|             1
3: |       |--|            2
4: |       |---|           3
5: |       |--|            2
6: |       |---|           3
7: |       |---|           3
``````
1. (0, 2): Because width[2] = 1, only the bike represented as 1 can pass through it.
2. (0, 1): Here the largest allowed vehicle which can pass through the 0th segment is car and for the 1st segment, it’s the truck. Hence the largest vehicle allowed in these segments is a car.
3. (6, 7): In this example, the vehicle enters at the 6th segment and exits at the 7thsegment. Both segments allow even truck to pass through them. Hence truck is the answer.
4. (3, 5): width[3] = width[5] = 2. While 4th segment allow the truck, 3rd and 5thallow upto car. So 2 will be the answer here.
5. (0, 7): Bike is the only vehicle which can pass through the 2nd segment, which limits the strength of whole lane to 1.#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

int main() {

/* Enter your code here. Read input from STDIN. Print output to STDOUT */
long n,i,a[100000];
int A,B,t,j,k,Min,Temp;
int b[1000],Count=0;
/*Input the length of freeway*/
scanf(“%ld”,&n);
/*Input the amoun of test cases*/
scanf(“%d”,&t);
/*Input the type of vehicle*/
for(i=0;i<n;++i)
scanf(“%d”,&a[i]);
/*Input i and j, compute and store result in array b*/
for(j=1;j<=t;++j){
scanf(“%d”,&A);
scanf(“%d”,&B);
Min=a[A];
for(k=A;k<=B;++k){
if(Min>a[k])
Min=a[k];
}
b[Count++]=Min;
}
/*Print result*/
for(j=0;j<Count;++j){
printf(“%d”,b[j]);
/*Do this so that we won’t leave any redundant character ‘\n’*/
if(j!=(Count-1))
printf(“\n”);
}
return 0;
}

Sure, this is not the best method.

`` ``